In this in-depth article you can find a brief history of the poker boom and how it developed, and learn some basic concepts to help you become a winning player.
As a highly competitive game, poker became a very popular and cool thing to do after 2003 when Chris Moneymaker revolutionized poker by winning the World Series of Poker main event after qualifying through an online satellite for just 86 dollars. He took down the $2.5 million trophy after beating Sam Farha in the heads-up with a full house holding 5♦4♠ against Farha’s J♥10♦ with the board running J♠ 5♠ 4♣ 8♦ 5♥. A legend in tournament poker was born!
Moneymaker was playing his first live tournament ever and still won the first prize. Some might ask how was this possible? It all comes down to poker being a game that combines both skill and luck. Short-term, luck is king – long-term, skilled players are going to win. Nevertheless, an accountant from Tennessee named Moneymaker winning the WSOP in 2003 was definitely the single most important moment for what would become a poker boom in the next few years.
Something magical happened after his massive win: Suddenly everybody with internet access saw the headlines and thought to themselves ‘if he can do it, why not me?’. And there you have it: Hundreds of thousands of people clicking the red ‘Create Account’ button on PokerStars and starting to play poker online, having hardly any previous experience of poker. PokerStars would later become the market leader in online poker, and also hire Moneymaker as their Team PokerStars Pro member.
In no time the image of a professional poker player quickly changed from an old rounder in cowboy hat playing in a room full of smoke to that of a nerd sitting comfortably at home with dual monitor setup playing 20 tables at once. Making a living from home by clicking buttons online was now the hottest career option for many people for several years, until it all changed in one day the history knows as the Black Friday of poker. On April 15 in 2011, PokerStars and Full Tilt Poker were shut down in the United States by the Justice Department due to violation of Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006. Since that day the popularity of poker declined for some time, seeing some marks of revival especially in the live poker scene during 2017 and online poker gaining popularity in Asia as well. The next poker boom might be just behind the corner!
If you want to win in the game of poker and also enjoy playing, it’s better to prepare well and study the game. Even if you’re familiar with other card games, we advise you to study poker a bit before playing since getting good at poker is no simple task. To help you do well in the long-term, we have structured the Ultimate Poker from Beginner to Pro for you – let’s get right down to it!
What is so difficult about learning to play poker? So how does one learn poker when every card dealt to you is random? As human beings, we generally learn how things operate by trial and error. We take some type of action and then watch what happens – it’s this loop that sometimes leads you completely wrong in poker, as brilliant plays don’t always pay off! You can learn the rules of poker in a few minutes, but mastering the game might take tens of thousands of repetitions and several years. Those that don’t work hard on their game will most likely be out of it in no time.
How does a Texas Holdem poker game work? Let’s take a look on how Texas Holdem, pretty much the most popular poker game on earth, is played so that we have the basics nailed down before discussing some actual strategy.
Start of the hand Each player at table is dealt two cards face down. These are called your hole cards. A round of betting occurs starting from the player sitting next on the left to the Big Blind, and this position is usually known as Under the Gun. The first round of betting is called preflop, and every player has the option to call, raise, or fold on their turn. Which option to take depends a lot on the blind structure, how many players are left to act after your turn and obviously the starting hands dealt to you. If you’re not sure what kind of starting hands you should be looking to play, just take a quick look at our guide to Poker Hand Rankings.
Betting is the key to poker in a sense: In every hand there will be one or more betting rounds during which players seated at the table can bet on their hands. You’ve probably heard that it’s important to minimize losses and maximize winnings in investing – the same principle holds true in poker. You have to protect your stack when the odds are not on your side, and get the money in when you have the best of it.
Once the preflop betting round is finished, the hand proceeds to the flop. The flop means that three community cards are dealt face up on the table:
K♥ 3♣ 7♥
On the flop all players gain a lot of new information regarding how likely they are going to win the hand: With pocket pairs you see if you have flopped a set, with big pairs you see whether are any overcards on the board compared to you pair, with all types of hands you see whether you’ve flopped a made hand, some kind of a draw or completely whiffed etc. Once the flop is dealt, a new betting round occurs starting from the player sitting left next to the Button. On later streets only one community card per betting round is revealed, which is why the structure of the flop will impact quite a bit on how the hand will play out.
On the turn a fourth community card is dealt face up, and a third betting round occurs with the same principles as on the flop:
K♥ 3♣ 7♥ 8♣
On the river, the last community card is dealt and a final round of betting occurs. You can now see the final five-card poker hand that can be formed using both your hole cards and community cards:
K♥ 3♣ 7♥ 8♣ 2♦
Let’s say you’re holding K♦K♣ and board reads our K♥ 3♣ 7♥ 8♣ 2♦ – in this case you’re holding the best possible hand that can be formed with the community cards, which is often called the nuts. If the board had run out A♦ 4♦ 4♣ 7♣ 7♥, your hand would be two pair, Kings and Sevens. Any opponent with an Ace, Four, or Seven would beat your hand here. It could also happen that the best hand can be made from the community cards alone: While you are holding the same Pocket Kings and the board running out 4♣ 5♦ 6♥ 7♦ 8♥, your best hand would be an 8-high straight. But, any player holding a Nine or Ten Nine would have you beat, and at best you would split the pot against any hand at the Showdown.
The Showdown occurs if the river betting round is finished with two or more players still holding their cards. In this case, the last aggressor who made a bet or a raise, needs to turn over their cards first, after which the other players still in the hand do the same. The player with the best hand wins the pot.
If at any point of the hand some player has made a bet or a raise that everyone has folded to, the hand ends automatically with no further community cards being revealed & no more betting rounds taking place. In an aggressive game, the majority of hands will end this way, and by now you’re probably thinking to yourself: Can I win in Texas Holdem just be being aggressive? Yes you can! They don’t call it the Cadillac of poker for no reason – the reason this game is so fascinating is that you don’t necessarily need the best hand to win, but simply putting people to the test for their entire stack can do the trick.
Let’s go through a checklist that will help you to follow the game while playing:
Table positions Besides being aware of the blinds in each hand and your own position relative to them, it’s equally important to be aware of players sitting on both left and right to you – ideally, you want to have position (i.e. sitting on the left of somebody) on those players who make the most mistakes, like playing too many hands preflop, playing passively, not folding enough on the river and other things that you notice and can take advantage of.
Preflop action and stack sizes To evaluate how you should play your own hand preflop, follow closely how the action unfolds. Does a tight player with a small stack make a large raise from early position? Throw your marginal hands away. Does a loose player with large stack make small raise and you have position on him? Try to isolate him by calling or reraising with any playable hands. Are there two extremely tight players in the blinds and you’re on the Button? Steal as much as you can get away with!
Flop structure and betting action How likely it is that players in the hand have connected with the flop? With a dry flop like Q♥ 7♦ 2♣ there are only a few combinations of strong made hands like QQ-AA, Queen with a high kicker, and set of Sevens or Deuces and perhaps some two pair combinations. There are no draws at all except for the backdoor draws. If you have a made hand like Queen Jack on this kind of dry flop, you’re either way ahead or way behind, so you don’t have to worry too much about opponents outdrawing you.
What about a flop of J♠ T♠ 9♣ then? That’s called a wet flop, and boy there are all kinds of draws out there! Plenty of made hands are possible on this flop: Straights, Sets, Two Pairs, Pairs with a Gutshot are all possible, and strong combo draws like Flush Draw + Open-ended Straight Draw can be even be slight favourites against weaker made hands.
Turn action Once you get to the turn, there is only more possible community card left to see. Any draws completed on the turn like Flush Draws and Straight Draws, can drastically change the relative strength of made hands. Big bets made on the turn can force people to fold their weak made hands or draws, since they don’t get proper odds to call and see the river.
River action River is the street that can really separate men from boys. You either have the best hand or you don’t, and if you missed your draw no more help is coming your way. Now it’s time to decide whether your hand is good enough to bet or raise for value, check down or check and call a reasonable bet. Alternatively, if you have low enough chances to win at showdown, you should evaluate whether it’s profitable to bluff with your hand – or turn it into a bluff in case you think your opponent has a stronger made hand but might let that go against a raise or a reraise.
Hands at the Showdown Whether you’re involved in the current hand or not, you should always watch closely to what hands are being showed down if two or more players remain after the final betting round has finished. This is free information that can reveal a lot about other players, and how you should play against them in the future hands to come.
You have now taken the first step to becoming a Beast in No-limit Texas Holdem!
Recap of how Texas Holdem works Can you follow a game of Texas Holdem described with poker slang? Let’s find out!
The game starts: You’re dealt hole cards A round of betting also known as preflop Players who remain in the hand, see a flop – we move into postflop play The flop betting round occurs The remaining players see a turn, the 4th community card Time for the turn betting round You see the river, it’s time to separate men from boys! Round of betting which is the last one The best five card hand wins, or the last player to remain after the betting round wins All crystal clear? Perfect, you can move on to the next section!
What are the blinds? Blinds are the reason the poker games runs: If there are no blinds, there is nothing in the pot to play for, and players would be better of playing just AA and try to get someone to call them. Blind structure is an important part of No-Limit Holdem, and the most common structure is two blinds, Small Blind and Big Blind. Two players directly left to the dealer button are forced to put these in the pot before a new hand starts. The term Blind comes from the fact that you don’t see your cards but are still putting your Blind money in the pot.
Many casinos offer No-Limit Holdem with blinds 1/2 USD/EUR or equivalent as their most popular low-stakes game, meaning that the Small Blind is 1 USD and the Big Blind is 2 USD. The minimum buy-in for this type of game can be between 40-200 USD depending on the casino rules.